Heart disease: It is important to have general understanding about the heart organ as heart disease is causing more deaths than any-other disease in the entire world. There are several heart diseases although Coronary arteries heart disease is the biggest killer. One can see from the image on the top left of the page how the arteries run over the organ. These arteries supply blood to the heart to keep the organ healthy. A healthy heart takes oxygen ridden blood from the lungs and circulates throughout the body first through main arteries and then through small capillaries which feed every cell of the body. Once the blood gets dirty it travels back to the lungs through veins (blue colour vessels) and gets cleaned with the supply of oxygen which we breathe. This circle of blood supply continues throughout life with double action of the heart. The heart has double action which we can feel all the time as heart beats. It is also important to have healthy lungs to support the heart. We shall talk later about the lungs.
Heart action: Systolic action of the organ is when the heart contracts and sends blood through the arteries to the whole body. The blood pressure of the arteries in that position is average 120 in healthy persons. (Top reading of the machine). A BP count of between (120-140) is classed as raised BP although not too serious. If the BP is higher than 140, it is concluded that one is suffering from hypertension. It is therefore important to keep the high blood pressure under control because constant high reading can lead to stroke or heart failure. The high blood pressure is usually due to blocked arteries with plaque. The plaque is formed with high cholesterol. It is important therefore to keep
your cholesterol levels regularly checked and change your lifestyle, eating and drinking right food and doing regular exercise. One must avoid anxiety and stress which can also cause high blood pressure in many patients. High blood pressure can relate to kidney disease also which needs to be diagnosed properly. In the elderly people arteries can lose their flexibility and become hard which may also be the reason of High blood pressure. Again change of life style can be preventative.
Diastolic action: of the heart is when the organ is at rest. The BP normal reading in this state is 80 or below. The reading of pressure above 90 is a cause for concern. Now-a-days many people have a BP machine at home which is a good idea especially if you are suffering from the disease.
Ischemic heart disease: (Angina) is caused by narrowing of the coronary arteries which supply blood to the muscle of the organ to keep the heart healthy. The part or full blockage is caused by the plaque thereby reducing the supply of the blood. The plaque may block one of the arteries, two of the arteries or all the 3 arteries. If all the 3 arteries are blocked then by-pass operation is necessary. On the other-hand if one or two arteries are blocked the surgeon may open them up and install stent in them. The stent is a tube made up of special metal mesh or of fibre. The Surgeon uses colour dye to show the blocked arteries. The procedure is called angiography. Once the blocked areas are confirmed, he will then make a small hole in the blood vessel in the groin, armpit or the neck to insert a fine flexible wire called catheter. On the front end of the catheter a small deflated balloon is attached and the stent is put on around the balloon. The surgeon takes the catheter to the blocked area and inflates the balloon which pushes the plaque to make room for the blood to go through. He deflates the balloon and pulls the catheter out. In time the cells around the stent form a natural blood vessel and may last whole life of the patient. Some-times an infection may start in the place of the stent which is treated with antibiotics. Now-a-days Surgeons use medicated stents to avoid any infection. Following the operation, the patient is treated with heart medications such as blood thinners and to control the blood pressure on a longer time bases and the patient is advised to change his lifestyle that is, consume right food and drink as well as to do regular walk in the fresh air.
Aortic Aneurism: is the disease of the main artery supplying blood from the heart to the lower abdomen. About 8 pints of blood every minute circulate throughout the body. In this disease part of the artery may become weaker and become balloon shaped and may even burst causing a sudden death. Secondly, it may get blocked with plaque due to high level of cholesterol. An immediate attention is required by the Surgeon.
Bradycardia: is the disease of the heart when the heartbeat is much slower (below 50) than the average heart beat 0f 72 per minute in a healthy person. The causes may relate to old-age, reduction in electrical pulses and sometimes heart medication effects.
Cardiomyopathy: can be caused when there is damage to the heart muscle. The heart muscle can become dilated and enlarged OR the walls of the left ventricle become thickened due to high blood pressure.
Endocarditis: is caused by infections and end up with inflammation of the lining of the heart. The bacteria related to streptococci and staphylococci group are the main causes of this disease. The symptoms are low fever, back ache, night sweating, breathlessness and general tiredness.
Gangrene: A lack of supply of blood to any part of the body or a bacterial infection can cause gangrene. It is common in diabetic patients as the wounds do not heal quickly due to abnormal sugar levels.
Tachycardia: is the disease of the heart when heart starts beating faster than the normal. The heart can be seen fluttering on the left side and the patient becomes anxious. There are several causes for palpitation and faster rate of heart beating. The patient may be anaemic. A lack of iron in the blood shows pale colour of the patient. Heart is in demand for healthy blood and can start racing. It may occur in some young people who are over indulged in sex. One can have a heart disease which would need thorough investigation by a cardiologist before treatment can be advised.
What- ever is the cause or type of heart disease the patient has, it is important to change the life is make a routine to consume healthy food, stop alcohol and smoking, do regular exercise and manage stress. Organic diseases of the heart that need surgery
There is a good remedy for heart illnesses in homeopathy called Toni card. It contains cactus grandifloras,valerian,stophanthus and Au rum muriaticum. Which can be given individually or combined according to the symptoms of the patient?
Chronic heart disease: The disease becomes chronic when patient does not take care of himself properly after the operation. It is therefore very important to change lifestyle which can prevent the disease become chronic.
Causes of heart disease: Heart disease can be caused by wrong lifestyle that is by smoking, drinking alcohol, eating high fat food, lack of exercise and with anxiety Or with combination of any of these elements.
Diagnoses: A blood test is important to establish the levels of cholesterol, Triglycerides and Homocysteine levels. A regular check of high blood pressure is also necessary as it can put load on the heart.
Symptoms of Heart attack: Chest pain which can extend to the back of shoulders and down to the left arm, sweating on the forehead, breathlessness rapid pulse with high blood pressure and feeling un-well calls for emergency.
One can take 3-4 tablets of 75mg aspirin and chew them followed by a sip of water. So it is not a bad idea to keep aspirin at home which is available on the counter of the pharmacist without prescription. For people who have experienced chest pain before may keep in their car. It is advisable to inform the A&E department on admission that you have taken the aspirin and in what doze. This will avoid giving you further doze of aspirin.
Disclaimer: The above statement does not form part of any treatment. Its aim is to improve the education and knowledge of the public in general terms. We advise you to see your GP at first sign of your illness.